Households in the urban periphery access water through complex systems of formal and informal water technologies, practices, institutions, and organizational forms. While many countries have increased access to piped water system, governments and utilities still remain limited in their capacity to build infrastructure to meet demand in growing urban and peri-urban areas. But even in areas that have experienced increases in network water provision, recent studies have examined the paradoxical persistence of unregulated water arrangements and practices. This study examines the kinds of water practices and arrangements and investigates the impact of these systems on household water insecurity.
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